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農藥理化性質試驗指引及其他成分危害性相關參考資訊

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資料來源: 農業藥物試驗所
更新時間: 2024/03/18

農藥理化性質試驗指引及其他成分危害性相關參考資訊

 

一、由於我國農藥理化性試驗之試驗規範尚未訂定,依農藥理化性及毒理試驗準則,目前是優先參照經濟合作暨發展組織(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD)之規範,至於OECD尚未有試驗規範之理化試驗項目如物理狀態、顏色、氣味、燃燒性、混合性、爆炸性、腐蝕性及貯存安定性,可優先依美國環保署 (US EPA) OPPTS 830系列之試驗規範 (整理如下表,可直接點選開啟檔案)。

 

理化性質

OECD

US EPA

物理狀態(Physical state)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6303 Physical State [EPA 712–C–96–020]

顏色(Color)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6302 Color [EPA 712–C–96–019]

氣味(Odor)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6304 Odor [EPA 712–C–96–021]

酸鹼度(pH)

Test No. 122: Determination of pH, Acidity and Alkalinity

 

熔點或沸點(Melting point or Boiling point)

Test No. 102: Melting Point/ Melting Range
Test No. 103: Boiling Point

 

密度、比重、容積密度(Density、Specific gravity、Bulk density)

Test No. 109: Density of Liquids and Solids

 

蒸氣壓(Vapor pressure)

Test No. 104: Vapour Pressure

 

溶解度(Solubility)

Test No. 105: Water Solubility
Test No. 116: Fat Solubility of Solid and Liquid Substances

 

分配係數(Partition coefficient)

Test No. 107: Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water): Shake Flask Method
Test No. 117: Partition Coefficient (n-octanol/water), HPLC Method
Test No. 123: Partition Coefficient (1-Octanol/Water): Slow-Stirring Method

 

解離常數(Dissociation constant)

Test No. 112: Dissociation Constants in Water

 

黏性(Viscosity)

Test No. 114: Viscosity of Liquids

 

安定性(Stability)

Test No. 113: Screening Test for Thermal Stability and Stability in Air
Test No. 101: UV-VIS Absorption Spectra
(Spectrophotometric Method)

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6313 Stability to Normal and Elevated Temperatures, Metals, and Metal Ions [EPA 712–C–96–022]

燃燒性(Flammability)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6315 Flammability [EPA 712–C–96–024]

混合性(Miscibility)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6319 Miscibility [EPA 712–C–95–027]

爆炸性(Explodability)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6316 Explodability [EPA 712–C–96–025]

腐蝕性(Corrosive characteristics)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6320 Corrosion Characteristics [EPA 712–C–96–028]

貯存安定性(Storage stability)

 

Product Properties Test Guidelines: OPPTS 830.6317 Storage Stability [EPA 712–C–02–026]

二、有關農藥其他成分危害性可參考以下網站 (可直接點選開啟檔案)

1. Hazardous Chemical Information System (HCIS)

2. ECHA

 

範例:點入HCIS查詢N,N-dimethylacetamide,可知具生殖毒性1B級(如下)。

圖示

 

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